You can help by adding to it. June The distributed model is generally better suited for large projects with partly independent developers, such as the Linux kernel project, because developers can work independently and submit their changes for merge or rejection.
These organisational structures are briefly described in the following paragraphs: A line organisation has only direct, vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. There are only line departments-departments directly involved in accomplishing the primary goal of the organisation. For example, in a typical firm, line departments include production and marketing.
In a line organisation authority follows the chain of command. Has only direct vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. Tends to simplify and clarify authority, responsibility and accountability relationships 2. Promotes fast decision making 3.
Neglects specialists in planning 2. Some of the advantages of a pure line organisation are: The levels of responsibility and authority are likely to be precise and understandable.
However, there are some disadvantages also. Staff or Functional Authority Organisational Structure The jobs or positions in an organisation can be categorized as: A position intended to provide expertise, advice and support for the line positions.
The line officers or managers have the direct authority known as line authority to be exercised by them to achieve the organisational goals. The staff officers or managers have staff authority i. This is also known as functional authority.
An organisation where staff departments have authority over line personnel in narrow areas of specialization is known as functional authority organisation.
In the line organisation, the line managers cannot be experts in all the functions they are required to perform. But in the functional authority organisation, staff personnel who are specialists in some fields are given functional authority The right of staff specialists to issue orders in their own names in designated areas.
The principle of unity of command is violated when functional authority exists i.
Some staff specialists may exert direct authority over the line personnel, rather than exert advice authority for example, quality control inspector may direct the worker as well as advise in matters related to quality.
While this type of organisational structure overcomes the disadvantages of a pure line organisaional structure, it has some major disadvantages: Line and Staff Organisational Structure: Most large organisations belong to this type of organisational structure.
These organisations have direct, vertical relationships between different levels and also specialists responsible for advising and assisting line managers. Such organisations have both line and staff departments.
Staff departments provide line people with advice and assistance in specialized areas for example, quality control advising production department.
The line functions are production and marketing whereas the staff functions include personnel, quality control, research and development, finance, accounting etc. The staff authority of functional authority organisational structure is replaced by staff responsibility so that the principle of unity of command is not violated.Merit pay is an approach to compensation that rewards higher performing employees with additional pay, sometimes called incentive pay.
Merit pay has advantages and disadvantages for . Start studying Management Theories: Advantages and Disadvantages. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
What are 3 disadvantages of Management Science? 1. Excludes human element/role What are 3 disadvantages of the Contingency Approach? 1. Constant changes to environment/structure of the.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of System Approach To Management information needs of a management at every level in making operational, tactical, and strategic decisions.
Its aim is to design and implement machine procedures, processes, and routines that provide detailed reports in an accurate, consistent, and efficient manner.
Jun 29, · Just-in-time inventory management works by keeping stock levels low; you order just what you need, as closely as possible to when you need it.
This approach to inventory management . Advantages And Disadvantages Of System Approach To Management. information needs of a management at every level in making operational, tactical, and strategic decisions.
Its aim is to design and implement machine procedures, processes, and routines that provide detailed reports in an accurate, consistent, and efficient manner. Most MISs are organized along the function lines of an organization. A description of the advantages, disadvantages, and requisite teacher preparation for professionally accepted teaching or instructional methods.