His ancestors were Kashmiri Brahmins of the Sapru clan and had converted to Islam around years ago in the time of Bud Shah. Iqbal often mentioned and commemorated his Kashmiri lineage in his writings. Iqbal expressed his feeling of pathos in a poetic form after her death. Iqbal's father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad diedwas a tailor, not formally educated, but a religious man.
Rudyard Kipling, the well know English poet, was struck by this difference and expressed the view that the two can never live together and co-operate as equals. Let us here first consider the salient features of the Eastern and Western cultures, and then examine how far the view expressed by Kipling in correct.
The Westerners, one the other hand, are worldly minded. They do not care for any future life, but want to enjoy their present life. Hence, we find in the West a mad race for wealth, luxury and comfort. The East has been the birthplace of the great religious teachers- Christ, Buddha, Gandhi, etc were born, and it was here that they lived and preached.
The west, on the other hand, is the home of modern science and technology. Wonderful inventions have been made. Man has acquired power over nature and he is now capable of performing miracles worthy of the gods.
The Eastern and the Western Temperaments too, are poles apart. The Easterners are tolerant and self-sacrificing. They do not like to cause the least harm to others. They can bear the greatest hardship for others, and can sacrifice their own good for the common cause.
Their social life is peaceful. As far as possible they like to settle their differences through mutual agreement and compromise.
The Westerners, one the other hand, are quarrelsome and aggressive. They cannot tolerate the views of others. They care more for their own good than for the good of others. They are selfish and uncompromising. No doubt, the Westerners have greater means of comfort and luxury, but all their worldly wealth does not bring them any greater happiness.
Their scientist have manufactured Atom Bomb and the Hydrogen bomb with which they can destroy each other. They live in constant fear of war and destruction.
The satisfaction of one want leads to another and so they are ever dissatisfied and miserable. The Easterners believed in the limitation of wants and so they are happy in spite of their poverty.
They may not have the power over nature that the Westerners have but they have the power of soul. Until now the East and the West are kept apart. They looked down upon the Easterners and considered them uncivilized barbarians. But now the conditions are fast changing.
The East is coming into it own.
More and more Westerners are now realizing that the Easterners-India, China and Japan-have brought about a change in the attitude of the West towards the East. They are shedding their superiority and meeting the East on terms of equality.
The views of Kipling now longer holds true today.Allama Iqbal, the poet of the East, was the person who dreamed of Pakistan and demanded a separate Muslim State in the South East Asia on the historical occasion of his presidential speech in the Allahabad session of the All India Muslim League.
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Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Urdu: محمد اِقبال ) (November 9, – April 21, ), widely known as Allama Iqbal, was a poet, philosopher and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement.
An Essay on Poetry. Steven C. Scheer. According to the Judeo-Christian Bible, God created the world by means of words, by divine fiat. He said "Let there be," and there was. The word itself is of Greek origin and its etymological meaning is "making" (to say that someone is a poet is to call him or her a "maker").
This oldest of the human. Our online Notes on [Essay] [Story] [Letter] [MCQs] Our national poet, Allama Iqbal, is the creator of the idea of Pakistan.
He is also called the poet of the East and the champion of the Islamic thought. Allama Iqbal is the greatest Muslim Poet and Philosopher. He was born at Sialkot on the 9 th of November His father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a great mystic. He was a merchant and shifted his business from the Kashmir and settled in Sialkot.