Proto Typical White Denial:
Conspiracy theorists rarely, if ever, deal with a charge "trick" such as this. The 'Religious Intolerant' though will find this convenient to use in an attempt to persuade others that Freemasonry excludes Blacks while their own church may practice the same type of discrimination The different faces of racism accuse Freemasons of doing.
However, the charge of racism in Freemasonry seems to come primarily from the mouths and pens of the 'Self-Server' in the United States. The United States began as a segregated country.
It was segregated at first by religious groups recall, for example, the founding of Rhode Island and later - as religious differences blended - by the introduction of slaves whom many treated as 'property'.
This is a fact that many accepted. Others acquiesced or ignored it completely or as much as possible. A precious few spoke out against it - and they were nearly universally condemned for doing so.
Masonry, like virtually all other organizations of the 's and most of the 's in the United States, followed the mores of society.
Masonry today in the United States can be seen through the eyes of two different independent 'controlling entities' grand bodies which are - primarily - divided along racial lines. In the earliest days of the United States, white men and black men did not mix socially - in any way.
In fact, this continued through the s with segregation at virtually all levels of live. It is not unusual, then, to appreciate that this didn't occur in Freemasonry either.
In other parts of the world, however, Freemasonry was and is quite integrated with race not an issue at all.
The charge of 'racism', then, is a mere ruse! Some historical facts about US racial divisions in Freemasonry A Masonic Lodge was chartered in Boston under the direction of a Black man, Prince Hall, who had received his degrees from a duly chartered military traveling lodge and who proceeded in accordance with the custom of the day for forming lodges.
While there was no specific prohibition against Blacks in Freemasonry then or now, there was a phrase in the Masonic obligations that required a candidate be "free-born". This requirement harkened back to the days of apprenticeship where a new apprentice was not accepted unless he was free from bondage.
Regrettably, this restriction - mirroring other such restrictions in society in the United States at large - was used to restrict membership of Blacks.
But we're getting ahead of ourselves in the story In the days of Prince Hall and his companions, even the act of mailing a simple letter to another town required considerable wherewithal.
During this period, the Lodge which Prince Hall had formed in Boston ultimately lost their contacts with the Grand Lodge in England from whom they were originally chartered.
Here we must digress for a moment to explain that at this time, there were actually two Grand Lodges in England. This had come about because certain innovations had begun to appear in the development of Freemasonry and a group of 'traditionalists' calling themselves ironically 'The Moderns' split from the former group who came to be known as 'The Antients'.
In the early s this rift was healed, however, and when the two Grand Lodges united forming today's United Grand Lodge of England - UGLEeach dropped all of the lodges throughout the world with whom they had lost contact.
African Lodge in Boston met this fate. Nevertheless, African Lodge - following ancient Masonic tradition - continued to make Masons and grow as an organization. Soon there were two parallel organizations in existence but because of complicated rules regarding recognition of other Masonic bodies, the various lodges and Grand Lodges formed from that original lodge with Prince Hall soon found themselves somewhat outside the larger body of Freemasonry.
The problem was further compounded by - ironically - the growth of the United States from its colonial roots to the broad expanse of territory from coast to coast.
As new territories were admitted into the Union, a concept of 'exclusive jurisdiction' peculiar to the United States was adopted. This concept allowed for only one Grand Lodge within the boundaries of a particular state's borders.
Because of this, recognition of Prince Hall Grand Lodges which were founded there was precluded since they were always created after the 'mainstream' Grand Lodge and were not part of the 'covenant' which created the territorial exclusivity.
Which brings us to more modern times Freemasonry was separated by what appeared to be clearly a racial divide. Although this was not the plan in the s, the hardening of racial divisions leading up to the US Civil War made the progression inevitable.
Thus, arriving in the s, a 'Black' and a 'White' Masonry co-existed, both knowing the other existed but neither recognizing the other as a true "Masonic" body. Being traditionalists, some 'mainstream' Masons reminded others of the 'free-born' requirement or pointed to the loss of Charter and subsequent inappropriateness of creating new lodges when not a lodge itself in their eyes.
Other Masons, however, saw a division as plain as the color of their faces - and as a result, worked tirelessly to remind Masons that the matter of a lost document in the early s should not be the cause of remaining at a perpetual distance - and that the concept of territorial exclusivity, unique in the United States, should not interfere with the sharing of Masonic fellowship.Racism is deeply embedded in our culture.
Slavery of African people, ethnic cleansing of Native Americans and colonialist imperialism are seeds that intertwine to create racism that still has impacts today. One example of the sad human history of racism -- of colonizers seeing themselves as superior to others -- is the. Blacks and the Priesthood.
It is a historical truth that until , Latter-day Saints' ecclesiastical policy prohibited black men from being ordained to the priesthood. Frequenty Asked Questions. What is an attitude? What are implicit and explicit stereotypes?
How does the IAT measure implicit attitudes and stereotypes? Combating Racism in a Multicultural World: Classroom Ideas We all want students to become global citizens who can successfully engage with an increasingly diverse world.
Race, Racism & American Law 6e (Aspen Casebook) [Derrick A. Bell] on blog-mmorpg.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The Sixth Edition of this innovative text written by Derrick Bell continues to provide students with insight into the issues surrounding race in America and an understanding of how the law interprets those issues as well as the factors that directly and indirectly.
Blacks and the Priesthood. It is a historical truth that until , Latter-day Saints' ecclesiastical policy prohibited black men from being ordained to the priesthood.